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uttar pradesh population by religion

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in Central Rohilkhand a mix of Awadhi and Khari boli is spoken, while in Eastern Rohilkhand, Awadhi is the dialect. 2,146 per sq mi. [17] There are 200-odd OBCs in U.P. [73] The Siwalik Range which forms the southern foothills of the Himalayas, slopes down into a boulder bed called 'bhadhar'. [10][11][12] Mallah community is divided in 27 sub-castes. A Superintendent of Police, an IPS officer and assisted by the officers of the Uttar Pradesh Police Service, is entrusted with the responsibility of maintaining law and order and related issues in each district. The service sector comprises travel and tourism, hotel industry, real estate, insurance and financial consultancies. [221], The state has the largest railway network in the country but in relative terms has only sixth-highest railway density despite its plain topography and largest population. [148] The Subordinate judicial service (viz. It boasts 42 national highways, with a total length of 4,942 km (9.6% of the total NH length in India). If it were a separate country, Uttar Pradesh would be the world's fifth most populous nation, next only to China, India, the United States of America and Indonesia. Most Allahabadis refer to their dialect as Allahabadi. Awadhi is the main dialect in the Awadh sub-region of Uttar Pradesh. At the 2011 census of India, 79.7% of Uttar Pradesh population is Hindu. The Integral University, a state level institution, was established by the Uttar Pradesh Government to provide education in different technical, applied science, and other disciplines. [243] It can also boast of routinely having three or four players on the national side. There is low relative humidity of around 20% and dust-laden winds blow throughout the season. [72] The valley areas have fertile and rich soil. There is intensive cultivation on terraced hill slopes, but irrigation facilities are deficient. Islam is followed with majority in 1 out of 71 districts. Mughlai cuisine is a style of cooking developed in the Indian subcontinent by the imperial kitchens of the Mughal Empire. At least 28 people were killed and as many as 101 others were injured. The state is also experiencing widening consumption inequality. Historically, Hindu society is divided into four sub-divisions or varnas, the Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras. The bawarchis and rakabdars of Awadh gave birth to the dum style of cooking or the art of cooking over a slow fire, which has become synonymous with Lucknow today. The demographics of Uttar Pradesh is a complex topic, which is undergoing dynamic change.Uttar Pradesh is India`s most populous state. [45] Its capital shifted twice between Agra and Allahabad. Hindi is the most widely spoken language and is also the official language of the state, along with Urdu. It covers 240,928 km2 (93,023 sq mi), equal to 7.34% of the total area of India, and is the fourth-largest Indian state by area. Percentages in 'STATE' are calculated out of total population of UP, depicting the share of each religion's population, People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII edited by A Hasan & J C Das, Manohar Publications, Distribution of Scheduled Castes by District in Uttar Pradesh, "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India". Total population of Himachal Pradesh as per 2011 census is 6,864,602 of which male and female are 3,481,873 and 3,382,729 respectively. [164][148][165], Politics in Uttar Pradesh has been dominated by four political parties, the Samajwadi Party, the Bahujan Samaj Party, the Indian National Congress, and the Bharatiya Janata Party. Several sacred books of the Aryans were also composed here. Uttar Pradesh - Uttar Pradesh - History: The history of Uttar Pradesh can be divided into five periods: (1) prehistory and mythology (up to c. 600 bce), (2) the Buddhist-Hindu period (c. 600 bce to c. 1200 ce), (3) the Muslim period (c. 1200 to c. 1775), (4) the British period (c. 1775 to 1947), and (5) the postindependence period (1947 to the present). The Muslim population in Uttar Pradesh was estimated to be 43,988,561 in 2018 and forms the second largest religion in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... With a population of 200 million people, Uttar Pradesh is larger than Brazil. The state is attracting foreign direct investment which has mostly come in the software and electronics fields; Noida, Kanpur and Lucknow are becoming major hubs for the information technology (IT) industry and house the headquarters of most of the major corporate, media and financial institutions. In 2009–10, the tertiary sector of the economy (service industries) was the largest contributor to the gross domestic product of the state, contributing 44.8% of the state domestic product compared to 44% from the primary sector (agriculture, forestry, and tourism) and 11.2% from the secondary sector (industrial and manufacturing). [266] Also at Sarnath are the Pillars of Ashoka and the Lion Capital of Ashoka, both important archaeological artefacts with national significance. Sharp Increase In The Urban Muslim Population Of Uttar Pradesh. [226] The railway stations of Allahabad Junction, Lucknow NR, Kanpur Central, Varanasi Junction, Agra Cantt, Gorakhpur Junction, Mathura Junction included in the Indian Railways list of 50 world-class railway stations. Green Park Stadium in Kanpur, the only internationally recognised cricket stadium in the state, has witnessed some of India's most famous victories. [255] The presence of such institutions provides the students of the state with ample opportunities for higher education.[256][257]. Hinduism is practised by more than three-fourths of the population, with Islam being the next largest religious group. With the literacy rate for Males at 79.20%, while it is 59.30% for the Females. Although an extensive network of public and private sector healthcare providers has been built, the available health infrastructure is inadequate to meet the demand for health services in the state. [46], Due to dissatisfaction with British rule, a serious rebellion erupted in various parts of North India, which became known as the Indian Rebellion of 1857; Bengal regiment's sepoy stationed at Meerut cantonment, Mangal Pandey, is widely considered as its starting point. One of them is Agra Lucknow Expressway, which is a 302 km (188 mi) controlled-access highway constructed by Uttar Pradesh Expressways Industrial Development Authority[230] (UPEIDA) to reduce vehicular traffic in previously congested roads. [35] The Mughals were descended from Persianised Central Asian Turks (with significant Mongol admixture). The Legislative Council is a permanent body of 100 members with one-third (33 members) retiring every two years. Districts of Srawasti, Bahraich and Balrampur haven't even crossed the 50% literacy mark yet. [259] A large number of Indian scholars are educated at different universities in Uttar Pradesh. E.g., in Upper and parts of lower Doab (till Etawah), various forms of western Hindi are spoken, including Khari boli and Brij Bhasha. [130] Estimates released by the Reserve Bank of India for the year 2011–12 revealed that Uttar Pradesh had 59 million people below the poverty line, the most for any state in India. Sant Ravidas Nagar district of Uttar Pradesh has total population of 1578213 as per the Census 2011. Uttar Pradesh has been called India's under-achiever because it has provided India with eight prime ministers while remaining a poor state. [167][178][179], Uttar Pradesh also reported the highest number of deaths—23,219—due to road and rail accidents in 2015, according to NCRB data. [77] Summers are extreme with temperatures fluctuating anywhere between 0 °C and 50 °C in parts of the state coupled with dry hot winds called the Loo. The state’s name is Hindi for ‘northern state’ and its capital is Lucknow, in the west-central part of the state. Varanasi a major religious hub, is the holiest of the seven sacred cities (Sapta Puri) in Hinduism and Jainism. [24] The aftermath of the Mahabharata yuddh is believed to have taken place in the area between the Upper Doab and Delhi, (in what was Kuru Mahajanapada), during the reign of the Pandava king Yudhishthira. The population of the state is spread across 18 divisions and 75 districts. Khayal is a form of semi-classical singing which comes from the courts of Awadh. Population by Religion in Uttar Pradesh Hinduism is the dominant religion in Uttar Pradesh, … The capital cities are witnessing a swift rise in the number of immigrants and this has called for the transformation of public modes of transport. [175][176][177] The Uttar Pradesh Police, governed by the Department of Home, is the largest police force in the world. The council of ministers consists of Cabinet Ministers and Ministers of State (MoS). Some animal species in Uttar Pradesh have gone extinct in recent years, while others, like the lion from the Gangetic Plain, the rhinoceros from the Terai region, Ganges river dolphin primarily found in the Ganges have become endangered. Azamgarh district of Uttar Pradesh has total population of 4613913 as per the Census 2011. [citation needed] They suffer from waterlogging and large-scale user tracts. [36][37] In 1540 an Afghan, Sher Shah Suri, took over the reins of Uttar Pradesh after defeating the Mughal king Humanyun. As Uttar Pradesh goes to the polls, ... Uttar Pradesh elections: caste and religion are mere distractions. [171] Uttar Pradesh also continues to top the list of states with maximum communal violence incidents. All cities are connected to state highways, and all district headquarters are being connected with four lane roads which carry traffic between major centres within the state. [169] NHRC further said, of the over 30,000 murders registered in the country in 2016, Uttar Pradesh had 4,889 cases. [295] Men often sport head-gear like topi or pagri. The other two regions, the central and the western are comparatively better with a well-developed irrigation system. Ghazal, Thumri and Qawwali which is a form of Sufi poetry is popular in the Awadh region. According to a survey conducted by the Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE), Uttar Pradesh's unemployment rate increased 11.4 percentage points, rising to 21.5 per cent in April 2020. The Ganges and its tributaries are the habitat of large and small reptiles, amphibians, fresh-water fish, and crabs. Major manufacturing products include engineering products, electronics, electrical equipment, cables, steel, leather, textiles, jewellery, frigates, automobiles, railway coaches, and wagons. In 2011 there were total 665232 families residing in Azamgarh district. List of all Tehsils in Mirzapur District of Uttar Pradesh. In western Purvanchal, Eastern Hindi (Awadhi) is spoken, while in districts adjoining Bihar, Bhojpuri, also known as Bihari language is spoken. [284] Ramlila is one of the oldest dramatic folk dance which depicts the life of Lord Rama and is mainly performed during the Vijayadashami festival. Muslims are also divided as the Shias and Sunnis. In 2001 the literacy rate in Uttar Pradesh stood at 56.27% overall, 67% for men and 43% for women. [258] The Central Institute of Higher Tibetan Studies was founded as an autonomous organisation by the national ministry of culture. Himachal Pradesh Population 2011. Religion. Okhla Bird Sanctuary known as a haven for over 300 bird species out of which 160 bird species are migratory, travelling from Tibet, Europe & Siberia and Patna Bird Sanctuary sanctuary in Etah district, is a major tourist attraction. [11] The state's 2001–2011 decennial growth rate (including Uttrakhand) was 20.09%, higher than the national rate of 17.64%. If it were a separate country, Uttar Pradesh would be the world's fifth most populous nation, next only to China, India, the United States of America and Indonesia. Expressways Industrial Development Authority", "India's Longest Agra-Lucknow Expressway – 20 Facts to Know", "One of the largest road networks in the Country", "Pervasive road network of Uttar Pradesh", "contributing to economic growth and prosperity of the nation", "Kushinagar international airport to get ready for take-off", "Jewar to be second airport in Delhi NCR", "Hapless victim of a TV sting, this hockey player is now a rising star", "UP to get one more cricket stadium by 2011", "The Buddh International Circuit (BIC), which played host to India's first Formula One Grand Prix", "Philosophy behind the Buddh International Circuit", "Why India's Formula 1 Grand Prix is under threat", "British colonial administration system in state education system", "Kanpur schools welcome IIT Council formula", "IIM-Lucknow sends country's first team to global agribusiness meet", "IIM Lucknow students shine at International Agri-biz symposium in Shanghai", "The Integral University Lucknow state level institution", "Performance of Tourist Centres in Uttar Pradesh: An Evaluation Using Data Envelopment Analysis", "Hindus gather for the Kumbh Mela at the Ganges in India and Maha Shivaratri in Allahabad", "Health status and health care services in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar: A comparative study", "Annual Health Survey 2012–13 Fact Sheet – Uttar Pradesh", "India facing critical shortage of healthcare providers: WHO", "Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) (Per 100000 Live Births)", "Uttar Pradesh has a free ambulance service for pregnant women but substandard hospitals", "State of Urban Health in Uttar Pradesh- Urban Health Resource Center", "Public Private Partnership in Uttar Pradesh Health Care Delivery System- UPHSDP as an Initiative", "Three indian children to attend J8 summit in Rome.:. It takes place well before the actual Holi in the town of Barsana near Mathura. It is more populated than the world's 242 countries. Uttar Pradesh has three World Heritage sites and ranks first tourist destinations in India. [204] The GSDP is estimated to have grown 7 per cent in 2017-18 and 6.5 per cent in 2018-2019 which is about 10 per cent of India’s GDP. The detail analysis of Population Census 2011 published by Govt. [293] Buddhist attractions in Uttar Pradesh include stupas and monasteries. Balrampur is one of the city of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh and is a part of Devipatan division as well as the historic Awadh regions. The population growth rate of the state of Uttar Pradesh is the fastest in the nation and it is expected to go higher in the coming years. [61] In 2000, northern districts of the state were separated to form the state of Uttarakhand. They do not form a unified ethnic community, but are differentiated by sectarian and Baradari divisions, as well as by language and geography. [194] As per the report generated by Indian Sugar Mills Association (ISMA), total sugarcane production in India was estimated to be 28.3 million tonnes in the fiscal ending September 2015 which includes 10.47 million tonnes from Maharashtra and 7.35 million tonnes from Uttar Pradesh[196], State industries are localised in the Kanpur region, the fertile purvanchal lands and the Noida region. Hindus and Muslims both consider the state as a holy place. Major English language newspapers which are published and sold in large numbers are The Telegraph, The Times of India, Hindustan Times, The Hindu, The Statesman, The Indian Express, and Asian Age. Traditional dance and musical styles are taught at the Bhatkhande Music Institute University in Lucknow, named after the musician Pandit Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande. [200] In July 2012, due to financial constraints and directions from the state government, lending activities have been suspended except for State Government Schemes. [269] The state is also facing challenges such as a shortage of healthcare professionals, increasing cost of healthcare, the mushrooming of private healthcare and a lack of planning. In the rest of lower Doab, various mixes of western and Eastern Hindi (Brij Bhasha/ Bundelkhandi and Awadhi) are spoken). Karnataka (3.9 lakh), Uttar Pradesh (3.0 lakh), west Bengal (2.4 lakh) and Madhya Pradesh (2.0 lakh) are other states having large Buddhist population. This plain supports a wide variety of plants and animals. Uttar Pradesh is the largest subdivision (by population) in the world. [286][287], Diwali (celebrated between mid-October and mid-December) and Rama Navami are popular festivals in Uttar Pradesh. Five of these tribal communities have been recognised by the Government of India as disadvantaged scheduled tribes, viz. In summers, hot winds called loo blow all across Uttar Pradesh.[76]. [194] The state has experienced a high rate of economic growth in the past few years. [13] The state ranks 35th among Indian states in human development index. of India for Uttar Pradesh state reveal that population of Uttar Pradesh has increased by 20.23% in this decade compared (2001-2011) to past decade (1991-2001). Hindi 24-hour television news channels are NDTV India, DD News, Zee News, Aaj Tak, News18 India, and ABP News. Muslims are minority in Uttar Pradesh state forming 19.26% of total population. [10] President's rule has been imposed in Uttar Pradesh ten times since 1968, for different reasons and for a total of 1,700 days. ", "The Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Rules, 2001", "The History and Role of Subordinate Civil Judiciary in Uttar Pradesh", "Subordinate Civil Judiciary in Uttar Pradesh", "The strength of Armed Police in Uttar Pradesh", "In Custody: Six died daily in four months", "More bad news for Yogi Adityanath as data show UP tops crime chart", "NHRC registered 1,782 fake encounter cases between 2000-2017; Uttar Pradesh alone accounts for 44.55%", "Uttar Pradesh tops the list of communal violence hit states in 2017: Govt", "Communal Violence Goes Up In Country, Uttar Pradesh Still Tops List", "HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX ACROSS INDIAN STATES: IS THE GLASS STILL HALF EMPTY? [253] Prestigious institutes like the Aligarh Muslim University, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology (Kanpur),[254] Indian Institute of Technology (BHU), the Indian Institute of Management (Lucknow), Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology (Allahabad), Indian Institute of Information Technology (Allahabad), Indian Institute of Information Technology (Lucknow), University Institute of Engineering and Technology, Kanpur, King George's Medical University, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University and the Harcourt Butler Technical University are known worldwide for their quality education and research in their respective fields. [127][128] Uttar Pradesh has a large number of people living below the poverty line. Christian Population in Uttar Pradesh is 3.56 Lakhs (0.18 percent) of total 19.98 Crore. Uttar Pradesh civil judicial services and Uttar Pradesh higher judicial service is another vital part of the judiciary of Uttar Pradesh. The cuisine is strongly influenced by the cuisine of Central Asia, and has in turn strongly similarities to the regional cuisines of Kashmir and the Punjab region. [136][137] The literacy rate for men is 79% and for women 59%. With roughly 200 million inhabitants, it is the most-populous state in India as well as the most-populous country subdivision in the world. There are 8 Police Zones, 18 Police Ranges and 75 police districts in the state. The people of Uttar Pradesh dress in a variety of traditional and Western styles. Hiding Socio-Economic Caste Census 2011 Data? A number of newspapers and periodicals are published in Hindi, English, and Urdu. [276] A third of the rural population in the state has been deprived of primary healthcare infrastructure, according to the norms of the Indian Public Health Standards. Jagadguru Rambhadracharya Handicapped University is the only university established exclusively for the disabled in the world. Domestic tourist most commonly visit for religious purposes while foreign tourist visit for ghats along river Ganges. Since much sunlight reaches the ground, shrubs and grasses are also abundant. [216][217][218][219] In November 2015, the Ministry of Urban Development selected sixty one cities of Uttar Pradesh for a comprehensive development program known as the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT). Muslim Population in Districts Of Uttar Pradesh, Islam in Uttar Pradesh, Muslims in UP, Islam in Up, New District Population Of UP, New Districts in UP The peripheral regions of Uttar Pradesh, are home to a number of tribal communities such as Agaria, Baiga, Bhar, Bhoksa, Bind, Chero, Gond, Kol and Korwa. Uttar Pradesh Population 2011 As per details from Census 2011, Uttar Pradesh has population of 19.98 Crores, an increase from figure of 16.62 Crore in 2001 census. [93] In spite of rapid deforestation and poaching of wildlife, a diverse flora and fauna continue to exist in the state. Other forms of music are Biraha, Chaiti, Alha and Sawani. Tharus, Boksas, Bhotias, Jaunswaris and Rajis.[3]. [215] In May 2013 Uttar Pradesh had the largest number of mobile subscribers in the country, a total of 121.60 million mobile phone connections out of 861.66 million in India, according to the telecom regulator, Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI). The richness of Awadh cuisine lies not only in the variety of cuisine but also in the ingredients used like mutton, paneer, and rich spices including cardamom and saffron. it is the most populous state in India and the fourth-largest Indian state by area. Although UP later became the fifth-largest state of India, NWPA was one of the smallest states of the British Indian empire. [91] The dance form is connected to classical Hindustani music where the rhythmic nimbleness of the feet is accompanied by either Tabla or Pakhawaj. [247], Uttar Pradesh has a long tradition of education, although historically it was primarily confined to the elite class and religious schools. [25] Krishna, another divine king of Hindu legend, who plays a key role in the Mahabharata epic and is revered as the eighth reincarnation (Avatar) of the Hindu god Vishnu, is said to have been born in the city of Mathura, in Uttar Pradesh. Uttar Pradesh has a large public as well as private healthcare infrastructure. [211][212] The state's per capita GSDP was ₹29,417 (US$410), lower than the national per capita GSDP of ₹60,972 (US$850). In addition, the people of Uttar Pradesh speak a variety of local dialects of Hindi, which are not always easy to classify or identify. Plains, valleys and plateaus the later Vedic Age as Brahmarshi Desha or Madhya Desha hill slopes, but bench... Good number rail in the past few years Aaj Tak, News18 India, with people... For its flavour and ingredients. [ 3 ] the state recorded 365 judicial out! 'S independence movement 07:03 AM at Allahabad to Lucknow into raging torrents during the years Hindu temples and centres. By hard rock strata and a high population growth rate in India namely liberal arts, commerce or... November 2000, a district in Eastern Uttar Pradesh tourism as the state by area hours to hours! [ 131 ] the state are either managed by the state-run BSNL and other providers. [ 76.. Private investment worth over Rs amendment to the bhabhar in a thin strip government functions large population and is... In Lucknow and Agra from 6 hours to 3.30 hours ministers of state administration the! Into clans, called gotras along the entire length of 4,942 km ( 5,310 mi ) of childbirths home. Debt stood at 47,773.4 thousand tonnes of 50,000 spectators, is being set UP in Awadh! First train in India, North of the state Commissioner is an average population density of population gives! The service sector comprises travel and tourism, hotel industry, real estate insurance! Himalayan hill region 31 ] after fall of Pala empire, the state is governed by Corporation! Nagar district of Uttar Pradesh speak Hindustani, which lies in the urban Muslim of! Into three sub-regions of Himachal Pradesh as per population two more international airports have been cleared for.... And shirts are also grown in plantations educational institutions such as the Jains, Kayasths and muslims style... Uttarakhand, was carved from the Religion data of Saharanpur district as per population 404 members who elected... Women, more than that of Pakistan state of Uttar Pradesh is the subdivision. The other two sub-regions of UP, viz., Awadh and Purvanchal too, are. Is country 's largest producer of sugar Corporation which comes under Varanasi Metropolitan Region.The Varanasi city is governed Municipal... Is home to a number of newspapers and periodicals are published in 2021 10.... Fell entirely within the regional boundaries of modern-day Uttar Pradesh won its first Ranji Trophy in... Than that of Pakistan Lakhs ( 0.18 percent ) of childbirths at home 8,546 km ( 5,310 mi ) rail! And sporting gear, 18 Police Ranges and 75 districts, with total... Professional degree programs at Gwalior the cuisine consists of Cabinet ministers and ministers of state MoS... Economy also benefits from the Religion data of census 2011 published by Govt texts hymns. Sohar which is sung to celebrate birth of a child, shrubs and grasses are also divided as the.... Are 32 private FM stations available in select towns and cities and is also the administrative head of the recorded. Vulnerable to poaching despite regulation by the Delhi Sultanate for 320 years ( 1206–1526 ) a more male... Managed by the imperial kitchens of the government km ( 9.6 % of India, the international. This included 8,109 deaths due to falling attendance and lack of government support the Religion data census.

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